Configuration keys

List of all annotations and global ConfigMap options.

Most of HAProxy Ingress configurations are made using a ConfigMap object or annotating the ingress or service object. Ingress or service annotations are used to make local configurations, and the ConfigMap is used to make global configurations or change default configuration values.


Global configurations and changing default values are made via a ConfigMap object. ConfigMap declaration is optional but highly recommended. Create an empty ConfigMap using kubectl create configmap and configures in the haproxy-ingress deployment using the command-line option --configmap=<namespace>/<configmap-name>.

Changes to any key in the ConfigMap object is applied on the fly, the haproxy instance is restarted or dynamically updated if needed.

All configuration key names are supported as a ConfigMap keys. When declared, its value is used as the default value if not overwritten elsewhere.

A configuration key is used verbatim as the ConfigMap key name, without any prefix. The ConfigMap spec expects a string as the key value, so declare numbers and booleans as strings, HAProxy Ingress will convert them when needed.

Ingress and services

Local configurations are made using ingress v1 spec, eg hostname, path, backend, port, secret name of the server certificate and key, and so on. Any other configuration which is not supported by the v1 spec should be made in the ingress or service object using annotations.

Changes to annotations in any ingress or service object is applied on the fly, the haproxy instance is restarted or dynamically updated if needed.

Annotation key names need a prefix in front of the configuration key. The default prefix is, so eg the ssl-redirect configuration key should be declared as with value "true" or "false". The annotation value spec expects a string as the key, so declare numbers and booleans as strings, HAProxy Ingress will convert it when needed. The default annotation prefix can be changed using the --annotation-prefix command-line option.

An ingress object accepts configuration keys of scope Host or Backend. A service object accepts configuration keys of scope Backend only. See Scope below.

Configuration keys declared in services have the highest precedence, overwriting configuration keys declared in the ConfigMap and ingress objects. Ingress object overwrite the default value and the ConfigMap configuration.


HAProxy Ingress configuration keys may be in one of four distinct scopes. A scope defines where a configuration key can be declared and how it interacts with ingress and service objects.

  • Scope Global: Defines configuration keys that should be declared only in the ConfigMap object. Configuration keys of the global scope declared as ingress or service annotations are ignored. A configuration key of the global scope never conflict.
  • Scope Host: Defines configuration keys that binds to the hostname. Configuration keys of the host scope can be declared in the ConfigMap as a default value, or in an ingress object. A conflict warning will be logged if the same host configuration key with distinct values are declared in distict ingress objects but to the same hostname.
  • Scope Backend: Defines configuration keys that binds to the service object, which is converted to a HAProxy backend after the configuration parsing. Configuration keys of the backend scope can be declared in the ConfigMap as a default value, in an ingress object, or in a service object. A conflict warning will be logged if the same backend configuration key with distinct values are declared in distict ingress objects but to the same service or HAProxy backend. A backend configuration key declared in a service object overwrites the same configuration in an ingress object without conflicting.
  • Scope Path: Defines configuration keys that bind to the hostname and the HTTP path. Configuration keys of the Path scope can be declared in any ConfigMap as a default value, or as Ingress or Service annotation. Configuration keys of the Path scope never conflict.

In the case of a conflict, the value of the ingress object which was created first will be used.

Configuration keys

The table below describes all supported configuration keys.

Configuration key Data type Scope Default value
acme-emails email1,email2,… Global
acme-endpoint [v2-staging|v2|endpoint] Global
acme-expiring number of days Global 30
acme-shared [true|false] Global false
acme-terms-agreed [true|false] Global false
affinity affinity type Backend
agent-check-addr address for agent checks Backend
agent-check-interval time with suffix Backend
agent-check-port backend agent listen port Backend
agent-check-send string to send upon agent connection Backend
app-root /url Host
auth-realm realm string Path
auth-secret secret name Path
auth-tls-cert-header [true|false] Backend
auth-tls-error-page url Host
auth-tls-secret namespace/secret name Host
auth-tls-strict [true|false] Host
auth-tls-verify-client [off|optional|on|optional_no_ca] Host
auth-type “basic” Path
backend-check-interval time with suffix Backend 2s
backend-protocol [h1|h2|h1-ssl|h2-ssl] Backend h1
backend-server-naming [sequence|ip|pod] Backend sequence
backend-server-slots-increment number of slots Backend 1
balance-algorithm algorithm name Backend roundrobin
bind-fronting-proxy ip + port Global
bind-http ip + port Global
bind-https ip + port Global
bind-ip-addr-healthz IP address Global
bind-ip-addr-http IP address Global
bind-ip-addr-prometheus IP address Global
bind-ip-addr-stats IP address Global
bind-ip-addr-tcp IP address Global
blue-green-balance label=value=weight,… Backend
blue-green-cookie CookieName:LabelName pair Backend
blue-green-deploy label=value=weight,… Backend
blue-green-header HeaderName:LabelName pair Backend
blue-green-mode [pod|deploy] Backend
cert-signer “acme” Host
config-backend multiline HAProxy backend config Backend
config-defaults multiline HAProxy config for the defaults section Global
config-frontend multiline HAProxy frontend config Global
config-global multiline HAProxy global config Global
cookie-key secret key Global Ingress
cors-allow-credentials [true|false] Path
cors-allow-headers headers list Path
cors-allow-methods methods list Path
cors-allow-origin URL Path
cors-enable [true|false] Path
cors-expose-headers headers Path
cors-max-age time (seconds) Path
cpu-map haproxy CPU Map format Global
dns-accepted-payload-size number Global 8192
dns-cluster-domain cluster name Global cluster.local
dns-hold-obsolete time with suffix Global 0s
dns-hold-valid time with suffix Global 1s
dns-resolvers multiline resolver=ip[:port] Global
dns-timeout-retry time with suffix Global 1s
drain-support [true|false] Global false
drain-support-redispatch [true|false] Global true
dynamic-scaling [true|false] Backend true
forwardfor [add|ignore|ifmissing] Global add
fronting-proxy-port port number Global 0 (do not listen)
health-check-addr address for health checks Backend
health-check-fall-count number of failures Backend
health-check-interval time with suffix Backend
health-check-port port for health checks Backend
health-check-rise-count number of successes Backend
health-check-uri uri for http health checks Backend
healthz-port port number Global 10253
hsts [true|false] Path true
hsts-include-subdomains [true|false] Path false
hsts-max-age number of seconds Path 15768000
hsts-preload [true|false] Path false
http-log-format http log format Global HAProxy default log format
http-port port number Global 80
https-log-format https(tcp) log format|default Global do not log
https-port port number Global 443
https-to-http-port port number Global 0 (do not listen)
initial-weight weight value Backend 1
limit-connections qty Backend
limit-rps rate per second Backend
limit-whitelist cidr list Backend
load-server-state (experimental) [true|false] Global false
max-connections number Global 2000
maxconn-server qty Backend
maxqueue-server qty Backend
modsecurity-endpoints comma-separated list of IP:port (spoa) Global no waf config
modsecurity-timeout-hello time with suffix Global 100ms
modsecurity-timeout-idle time with suffix Global 30s
modsecurity-timeout-processing time with suffix Global 1s
nbproc-ssl number of process Global 0
nbthread number of threads Global 2
no-tls-redirect-locations comma-separated list of URIs Global /.well-known/acme-challenge
oauth “oauth2_proxy” Backend
oauth-headers <header>:<var>,... Backend
oauth-uri-prefix URI prefix Backend
prometheus-port port number Global
proxy-body-size size (bytes) Path unlimited
proxy-protocol [v1|v2|v2-ssl|v2-ssl-cn] Backend
rewrite-target path string Path
secure-backends [true|false] Backend
secure-crt-secret secret name Backend
secure-verify-ca-secret secret name Backend
server-alias domain name Host
server-alias-regex regex Host
service-upstream [true|false] Backend false
session-cookie-dynamic [true|false] Backend
session-cookie-name cookie name Backend
session-cookie-shared [true|false] Backend false
session-cookie-strategy [insert|prefix|rewrite] Backend
slots-min-free minimum number of free slots Backend 0
ssl-cipher-suites colon-separated list Global see description
ssl-cipher-suites-backend colon-separated list Backend see description
ssl-ciphers colon-separated list Global see description
ssl-ciphers-backend colon-separated list Backend see description
ssl-dh-default-max-size number Global 1024
ssl-dh-param namespace/secret name Global no custom DH param
ssl-engine OpenSSL engine name and parameters Global no engine set
ssl-fingerprint-lower [true|false] Backend false
ssl-headers-prefix prefix Global X-SSL
ssl-mode-async [true|false] Global false
ssl-options space-separated list Global see description
ssl-options-backend space-separated list Global see description
ssl-passthrough [true|false] Host
ssl-passthrough-http-port backend port Host
ssl-redirect [true|false] Path true
ssl-redirect-code http status code Global 302
stats-auth user:passwd Global no auth
stats-port port number Global 1936
stats-proxy-protocol [true|false] Global false
stats-ssl-cert namespace/secret name Global no ssl/plain http
strict-host [true|false] Global false
syslog-endpoint IP:port (udp) Global do not log
syslog-format rfc5424|rfc3164 Global rfc5424
syslog-length maximum length Global 1024
syslog-tag syslog tag field string Global ingress
tcp-log-format tcp log format Global HAProxy default log format
timeout-client time with suffix Host 50s
timeout-client-fin time with suffix Host 50s
timeout-connect time with suffix Backend 5s
timeout-http-request time with suffix Backend 5s
timeout-keep-alive time with suffix Backend 1m
timeout-queue time with suffix Backend 5s
timeout-server time with suffix Backend 50s
timeout-server-fin time with suffix Backend 50s
timeout-stop time with suffix Global 10m
timeout-tunnel time with suffix Backend 1h
tls-alpn TLS ALPN advertisement Global h2,http/1.1
use-chroot [true|false] Global false
use-cpu-map [true|false] Global true
use-forwarded-proto [true|false] Global true
use-haproxy-user [true|false] Global false
use-htx [true|false] Global false
use-proxy-protocol [true|false] Global false
use-resolver resolver name Backend
var-namespace [true|false] Host false
waf “modsecurity” Path
waf-mode [deny|detect] Path deny (if waf is set)
whitelist-source-range CIDR Path


Configuration key Scope Default Since
acme-emails Global v0.9
acme-endpoint Global v0.9
acme-expiring Global 30 v0.9
acme-shared Global false v0.9
acme-terms-agreed Global false v0.9
cert-signer Host v0.9

Configures dynamic options used to authorize and sign certificates against a server which implements the acme protocol, version 2.

The popular Let’s Encrypt certificate authority implements acme-v2.

Supported acme configuration keys:

  • acme-emails: mandatory, a comma-separated list of emails used to configure the client account. The account will be updated if this option is changed.
  • acme-endpoint: mandatory, endpoint of the acme environment. v2-staging and v02-staging are alias to, while v2 and v02 are alias to
  • acme-expiring: how many days before expiring a certificate should be considered old and should be updated. Defaults to 30 days.
  • acme-shared: defines if another certificate signer is running in the cluster. If false, the default value, any request to /.well-known/acme-challenge/ is sent to the local acme server despite any ingress object configuration. Otherwise, if true, a configured ingress object would take precedence.
  • acme-terms-agreed: mandatory, it should be defined as true, otherwise certificates won’t be issued.
  • cert-signer: defines the certificate signer that should be used to authorize and sign new certificates. The only supported value is "acme". Add this config as an annotation in the ingress object that should have its certificate managed by haproxy-ingress and signed by the configured acme environment. The annotation "true" is also supported if the command-line option --acme-track-tls-annotation is used.

Minimum setup

The command-line option --acme-server need to be declared to start the local server and the work queue used to authorize and sign new certificates. See other command-line options here.

The following configuration keys are mandatory: acme-emails, acme-endpoint, acme-terms-agreed.

A cluster-wide permission to create and update the secrets resources should also be made.

How it works

All haproxy-ingress instances should declare --acme-server command-line option, which will start a local server to answer acme challenges, a work queue to enqueue the domain authorization and certificate signing, and will also start a leader election to define which haproxy-ingress instance should perform authorizations and certificate signing.

The haproxy-ingress leader tracks ingress objects that declares the annotation with value acme and a configured secret name for TLS certificate. The annotation with value "true" will also be used if the command-line option --acme-track-tls-annotation is declared. The secret does not need to exist. A new certificate will be issued if the certificate is old, the secret does not exist or has an invalid certificate, or the domains of the certificate doesn’t cover all the domains configured in the ingress.

Every 24h or the duration configured in the --acme-check-period, and also when the leader changes, all the certificates from all the tracked ingress will be verified. The certificate is also verified whenever the list of the domains or the secret name changes, so the periodic check will, in fact, only issue new certificates when there is 30 days or less to the certificate expires. This duration can be changed with acme-expiring configuration key.

If an authorization fails, the certificate request is re-enqueued to be tried again after 5m. This duration can be changed with --acme-fail-initial-duration command-line option. If the request fails again, it will be re-enqueued after the double of the time, in this case, after 10m. The duration will exponentially increase up to 8h or the duration defined by the command-line option --acme-fail-max-duration. The request will continue in the work queue until it is successfully processed and stored, or when the ingress object is untracked, either removing the annotation, removing the secret name or removing the ingress object itself.

See also:


Configuration key Scope Default Since
affinity Backend false
cookie-key Global Ingress
session-cookie-dynamic Backend true
session-cookie-name Backend INGRESSCOOKIE
session-cookie-shared Backend false v0.8
session-cookie-strategy Backend insert

Configure if HAProxy should maintain client requests to the same backend server.

  • affinity: the only supported option is cookie. If declared, clients will receive a cookie with a hash of the server it should be fidelized to.
  • cookie-key: defines a secret key used with the IP address and port number of a backend server to dynamically create a cookie to that server. Defaults to Ingress if not provided.
  • session-cookie-name: the name of the cookie. INGRESSCOOKIE is the default value if not declared.
  • session-cookie-strategy: the cookie strategy to use (insert, rewrite, prefix). insert is the default value if not declared.
  • session-cookie-shared: defines if the persistence cookie should be shared between all domains that uses this backend. Defaults to false. If true the Set-Cookie response will declare all the domains that shares this backend, indicating to the HTTP agent that all of them should use the same backend server.
  • session-cookie-dynamic: indicates whether or not dynamic cookie value will be used. With the default of true, a cookie value will be generated by HAProxy using a hash of the server IP address, TCP port, and dynamic cookie secret key. When false, the server name will be used as the cookie name. Note that setting this to false will have no impact if use-resolver is set.

Note for dynamic-scaling users only, v0.5 or older: the hash of the server is built based on it’s name. When the slots are scaled down, the remaining servers might change it’s server name on HAProxy configuration. In order to circumvent this, always configure the slot increment at least as much as the number of replicas of the deployment that need to use affinity. This limitation was removed on v0.6.

See also:

Agent check

Configuration key Scope Default Since
agent-check-addr Backend v0.8
agent-check-interval Backend v0.8
agent-check-port Backend v0.8
agent-check-send Backend v0.8

Allows HAProxy agent checks to be defined for a backend. This is an auxiliary check that is run independently of a regular health check and can be used to control the reported status of a server as well as the weight to be used for load balancing.

  • agent-check-port: Defines the port on which the agent is listening. This option is required in order to use an agent check.
  • agent-check-addr: Defines the address for agent checks. If omitted, the server address will be used.
  • agent-check-interval: Defines the interval between agent checks. If omitted, the default of 2 seconds will be used.
  • agent-check-send: Defines a string to be sent to the agent upon connection.

The following limitations are known when using agent-check to change the weight of a backend server:

  • If using drain-support, the backend server will have its initial weight defined as 0 (zero) if the server is terminating when haproxy is restarted, making the weight update useless
  • Blue/green annotation might be dynamically applied, which will temporarily overwrite the weight defined from the agent

See also:

Auth TLS

Configuration key Scope Default Since
auth-tls-cert-header Backend false
auth-tls-error-page Host
auth-tls-secret Host
auth-tls-strict Host false v0.8.1
auth-tls-verify-client Host
ssl-fingerprint-lower Backend false v0.10
ssl-headers-prefix Global X-SSL

Configure client authentication with X509 certificate. The following headers are added to the request:

  • X-SSL-Client-SHA1: Hex encoding of the SHA-1 fingerprint of the X509 certificate. The default output uses uppercase hexadecimal digits, configure ssl-fingerprint-lower to true to use lowercase digits instead.
  • X-SSL-Client-DN: Distinguished name of the certificate
  • X-SSL-Client-CN: Common name of the certificate

The prefix of the header names can be configured with ssl-headers-prefix key. The default value is to X-SSL, which will create a X-SSL-Client-DN header with the DN of the certificate.

The following keys are supported:

  • auth-tls-cert-header: If true HAProxy will add X-SSL-Client-Cert http header with a base64 encoding of the X509 certificate provided by the client. Default is to not provide the client certificate.
  • auth-tls-error-page: Optional URL of the page to redirect the user if he doesn’t provide a certificate or the certificate is invalid.
  • auth-tls-secret: Mandatory secret name with ca.crt key providing all certificate authority bundles used to validate client certificates. Since v0.9, an optional ca.crl key can also provide a CRL in PEM format for the server to verify against.
  • auth-tls-strict: Defines if a wrong or incomplete configuration, eg missing secret with ca.crt, should forbid connection attempts. If false, the default value, a wrong or incomplete configuration will ignore the authentication config, allowing anonymous connection. If true, a strict configuration is used: all requests will be rejected with HTTP 495 or 496, or redirected to the error page if configured, until a proper ca.crt is provided. Strict configuration will only be used if auth-tls-secret has a secret name and auth-tls-verify-client is missing or is not configured as off.
  • auth-tls-verify-client: Optional configuration of Client Verification behavior. Supported values are off, on, optional and optional_no_ca. The default value is on if a valid secret is provided, off otherwise.
  • ssl-fingerprint-lower: Defines if the certificate fingerprint should be in lowercase hexadecimal digits. The default value is false, which uses uppercase digits.
  • ssl-headers-prefix: Configures which prefix should be used on HTTP headers. Since RFC 6648 X- prefix on unstandardized headers changed from a convention to deprecation. This configuration allows to select which pattern should be used on header names.

See also:

Backend protocol

Configuration key Scope Default Since
backend-protocol Backend h1 v0.9

Defines the HTTP protocol version of the backend. Note that HTTP/2 is only supported if HTX is enabled. A case insensitive match is used, so either h1 or H1 configures HTTP/1 protocol. A non SSL/TLS configuration does not overrides secure-backends, so h1 and secure-backends true will still configures SSL/TLS.


  • h1: the default value, configures HTTP/1 protocol. http is an alias to h1.
  • h1-ssl: configures HTTP/1 over SSL/TLS. https is an alias to h1-ssl.
  • h2: configures HTTP/2 protocol. grpc is an alias to h2.
  • h2-ssl: configures HTTP/2 over SSL/TLS. grpcs is an alias to h2-ssl.

See also:

Backend server naming

Configuration key Scope Default Since
backend-server-naming Backend sequence v0.8.1

Configures how to name backend servers.

  • sequence: Names backend servers with a prefixed number sequence: srv001, srv002, and so on. This is the default configuration and the preferred option if dynamic udpate is used. seq is an alias to sequence.
  • pod: Uses the k8s pod name as the backend server name. This option doesn’t work on backends whose service-upstream is true, falling back to sequence.
  • ip: Uses target’s <ip>:<port> as the server name.

Balance algorithm

Configuration key Scope Default Since
balance-algorithm Backend roundrobin

Defines a valid HAProxy load balancing algorithm. The default value is roundrobin.

See also:


Configuration key Scope Default Since
bind-fronting-proxy Global v0.8
bind-http Global v0.8
bind-https Global v0.8

Configures listening IP and port for HTTP/s incoming requests. These configuration keys have backward compatibility with Bind IP addr, Bind port and Fronting proxy keys. The bind configuration keys in this section have precedente if declared.

Any HAProxy supported option can be used, this will be copied verbatim to the bind keyword. See HAProxy bind keyword doc.

Configuration examples:

  • bind-http: ":::80" and bind-https: ":::443": Listen all IPv6 addresses
  • bind-http: ":80,:::80" and bind-https: ":443,:::443": Listen all IPv4 and IPv6 addresses
  • bind-https: ":443,:8443": accept https connections on 443 and also 8443 port numbers

See also:

Bind IP addr

Configuration key Scope Default Since
bind-ip-addr-healthz Global
bind-ip-addr-http Global
bind-ip-addr-prometheus Global v0.10
bind-ip-addr-stats Global
bind-ip-addr-tcp Global

Define listening IPv4/IPv6 address on public HAProxy frontends. Since v0.10 the default value changed from * to an empty string, which haproxy interprets in the same way and binds on all IPv4 address.

  • bind-ip-addr-tcp: IP address of all TCP services declared on tcp-services command-line option.
  • bind-ip-addr-healthz: IP address of the health check URL.
  • bind-ip-addr-http: IP address of all HTTP/s frontends, port :80 and :443, and also https-to-http-port if declared.
  • bind-ip-addr-prometheus: IP address of the haproxy’s internal Prometheus exporter.
  • bind-ip-addr-stats: IP address of the statistics page. See also stats-port.

See also:

Bind port

Configuration key Scope Default Since
healthz-port Global 10253
http-port Global 80
https-port Global 443
prometheus-port Global v0.10
  • healthz-port: Define the port number HAProxy should listen to in order to answer for health checking requests. Use /healthz as the request path.
  • http-port: Define the port number of unencripted HTTP connections.
  • https-port: Define the port number of encripted HTTPS connections.
  • prometheus-port: Define the port number of the haproxy’s internal Prometheus exporter. Defaults to not create the listener. A listener without being scraped does not use system resources, except for the listening port. The internal exporter supports scope filter as a query string, eg /metrics?scope=frontend&scope=backend will only export frontends and backends. See the full description in the HAProxy’s Prometheus exporter doc.

See also:


Configuration key Scope Default Since
blue-green-balance Backend
blue-green-cookie Backend v0.9
blue-green-header Backend v0.9
blue-green-mode Backend deploy

Configure backend server groups based on the weight of the group - blue/green balance - or a group selection based on http header or cookie value - blue/green selector.

Both blue/green configurations can be used together: if the http header or cookie isn’t provided or doesn’t match a group, the blue/green balance will be used.

See below the description of the two blue/green configuration options.

Blue/green balance

Configures weight of a blue/green deployment. The annotation accepts a comma separated list of label name/value pair and a numeric weight. Concatenate label name, label value and weight with an equal sign, without spaces. The label name/value pair will be used to match corresponding pods or deploys. There is no limit to the number of label/weight balance configurations.

The endpoints of a single backend are selected using service selectors, which also uses labels. Because of that, in order to use blue/green deployment, the deployment, daemon set or replication controller template should have at least two label name/value pairs - one that matches the service selector and another that matches the blue/green selector.

  • blue-green-balance: comma separated list of labels and weights
  • blue-green-deploy: deprecated on v0.7, this is an alias to blue-green-balance.
  • blue-green-mode: defaults to deploy on v0.7, defines how to apply the weights, might be pod or deploy

The following configuration group=blue=1,group=green=4 will redirect 20% of the load to the group=blue group and 80% of the load to group=green group.

Applying the weights depends on the blue/green mode. v0.6 has only pod mode which means that every single pod receives the same weight as configured on blue/green balance. This means that a balance configuration with 50% to each group will redirect twice as much requests to a backend that has the double of replicas. v0.7 has also deploy mode which rebalance the weights based on the number of replicas of each deployment.

In short, regarding blue/green mode: use pod if you want to redirect more requests to a deployment updating the number of replicas; use deploy if you want to control the load of each side updating the blue/green balance annotation.

Value of 0 (zero) can also be used as weight. This will let the endpoint configured in the backend accepting persistent connections - see affinity - but will not participate in the load balancing. The maximum weight value is 256.

Blue/green selector

Configures header or cookie name and also a pod label name used to tag the group of backend servers.

  • blue-green-cookie: the CookieName:LabelName pair
  • blue-green-header: the HeaderName:LabelName pair

The CookieName or HeaderName is the name of the http cookie or header used in the request to match a group name. The LabelName is the name of the pod label used to read the group name of the backend server.

The following configuration X-Server:group on blue-green-header configures HAProxy to try to match a backend server based on the value of its label group. A request with header X-Server: green will match a pod labeled group=green. Cookie configuration follows the same rules.

The name of the header and the label follow the k8s label naming convention: must consist of alphanumeric characters, -, _ or ., and must start and end with an alphanumeric character.

Both cookie and header based configurations can be used together in the same backend (k8s service), provided that the label name is the same. If the request uses the configured header and cookie, the header will take precedence, and the cookie would be used if the header value provided doesn’t match a healthy backend server.

Note that blue/green selector should be used only on controlled testing scenarios because it doesn’t provide a proper load balancing: the first healthy backend server that match header or cookie configuration will be used despite if a proper load balance algorithm would choose another one. This can be changed in the future. Blue/green balance doesn’t have this limitation and properly uses the chosen load balance algorithm.

See also:

Configuration snippet

Configuration key Scope Default Since
config-backend Backend
config-defaults Global v0.8
config-frontend Global
config-global Global

Add HAProxy configuration snippet to the configuration file. Use multiline content to add more than one line of configuration.

Examples - ConfigMap:

    config-global: |
      tune.bufsize 32768
    config-defaults: |
      option redispatch
    config-frontend: |
      capture request header X-User-Id len 32


    annotations: |
        acl bar-url path /bar
        http-request deny if bar-url

The following keys add a configuration snippet to the …:

  • config-backend: … HAProxy backend section.
  • config-global: … end of the HAProxy global section.
  • config-defaults: … end of the HAProxy defaults section.
  • config-frontend: … HAProxy frontend sections.


Configuration key Scope Default Since
max-connections Global 2000
maxconn-server Backend
maxqueue-server Backend

Configuration of connection limits.

  • max-connections: Define the maximum concurrent connections on all proxies. Defaults to 2000 connections, which is also the HAProxy default configuration.
  • maxconn-server: Defines the maximum concurrent connections each server of a backend should receive. If not specified or a value lesser than or equal zero is used, an unlimited number of connections will be allowed. When the limit is reached, new connections will wait on a queue.
  • maxqueue-server: Defines the maximum number of connections should wait in the queue of a server. When this number is reached, new requests will be redispached to another server, breaking sticky session if configured. The queue will be unlimited if the annotation is not specified or a value lesser than or equal to zero is used.

See also:


Configuration key Scope Default Since
cors-allow-credentials Path true
cors-allow-headers Path see below
cors-allow-methods Path see below
cors-allow-origin Path *
cors-enable Path false
cors-expose-headers Path v0.8
cors-max-age Path 86400

Add CORS headers on OPTIONS http command (preflight) and reponses.

  • cors-enable: Enable CORS if defined as true.
  • cors-allow-origin: Optional, configures Access-Control-Allow-Origin header which defines the URL that may access the resource. Defaults to *.
  • cors-allow-methods: Optional, configures Access-Control-Allow-Methods header which defines the allowed methods. Default value is GET, PUT, POST, DELETE, PATCH, OPTIONS.
  • cors-allow-headers: Optional, configures Access-Control-Allow-Headers header which defines the allowed headers. Default value is DNT,X-CustomHeader,Keep-Alive,User-Agent,X-Requested-With,If-Modified-Since,Cache-Control,Content-Type,Authorization.
  • cors-allow-credentials: Optional, configures Access-Control-Allow-Credentials header which defines whether or not credentials (cookies, authorization headers or client certificates) should be exposed. Defaults to true.
  • cors-max-age: Optional, configures Access-Control-Max-Age header which defines the time in seconds the result should be cached. Defaults to 86400 (1 day).
  • cors-expose-headers: Optional, configures Access-Control-Expose-Headers header which defines what headers are allowed to be passed through to the CORS application. Defaults to not add the header.

See also:

CPU map

Configuration key Scope Default Since
cpu-map Global
use-cpu-map Global true

Define how processes/threads map to CPUs. The default value is generated based on nbthread and nbproc.

  • cpu-map: Custom override specifying the cpu mapping behaviour in the format described here.
  • use-cpu-map: Set to false to prevent any cpu mapping

See also:

DNS resolvers

Configuration key Scope Default Since
dns-accepted-payload-size Global
dns-cluster-domain Global cluster.local
dns-hold-obsolete Global 0s
dns-hold-valid Global 1s
dns-resolvers Global
dns-timeout-retry Global 1s
use-resolver Backend

Configure dynamic backend server update using DNS service discovery.

The following keys are supported:

  • dns-resolvers: Multiline list of DNS resolvers in resolvername=ip:port format
  • dns-accepted-payload-size: Maximum payload size announced to the name servers
  • dns-timeout-retry: Time between two consecutive queries when no valid response was received, defaults to 1s
  • dns-hold-valid: Time a resolution is considered valid. Keep in sync with DNS cache timeout. Defaults to 1s
  • dns-hold-obsolete: Time to keep valid a missing IP from a new DNS query, defaults to 0s
  • dns-cluster-domain: K8s cluster domain, defaults to cluster.local
  • use-resolver: Name of the resolver that the backend should use

See also:

Drain support

Configuration key Scope Default Since
drain-support Global false
drain-support-redispatch Global true v0.8

Set drain-support to true if you wish to use HAProxy’s drain support for pods that are NotReady (e.g., failing a k8s readiness check) or are in the process of terminating. This option only makes sense with cookie affinity configured as it allows persistent traffic to be directed to pods that are in a not ready or terminating state.

By default, sessions will be redispatched on a failed upstream connection once the target pod is terminated. You can control this behavior by setting drain-support-redispatch flag to false to instead return a 503 failure.

Dynamic scaling

Configuration key Scope Default Since
backend-server-slots-increment Backend 1
dynamic-scaling Global true
slots-min-free Backend 6 v0.8

The dynamic-scaling option defines if backend updates should always be made starting a new HAProxy instance that will read the new config file (false), or updating the running HAProxy via a Unix socket (true) whenever possible. Despite the configuration, the config files will stay in sync with in memory config. The default value was false up to v0.7 if not declared, changed to true since v0.8.

dynamic-scaling is ignored if the backend uses DNS resolver.

If true HAProxy Ingress will create at least backend-server-slots-increment servers on each backend and update them via a Unix socket without reloading HAProxy. Unused servers will stay in a disabled state. If the change cannot be made via socket, a new HAProxy instance will be started.

Starting on v0.8, a new ConfigMap option slots-min-free can be used to configure the minimum number of free/empty servers per backend. If HAProxy need to be restarted and an backend has less than slots-min-free available servers, another backend-server-slots-increment new empty servers would be created.

Starting on v0.6, dynamic-scaling config will only force a reloading of HAProxy if the number of servers on a backend need to be increased. Before v0.6 a reload will also happen when the number of servers could be reduced.

The following keys are supported:

  • dynamic-scaling: Define if dynamic scaling should be used whenever possible
  • backend-server-slots-increment: Configures the minimum number of servers, the size of the increment when growing and the size of the decrement when shrinking of each HAProxy backend
  • slots-min-free: Configures the minimum number of empty servers a backend should have on every HAProxy restarts

See also:


Configuration key Scope Default Since
forwardfor Global add

Define how the X-Forwarded-For header should be handled by haproxy.


  • add: haproxy should generate a X-Forwarded-For header with the source IP address. This is the default option and should be used on untrusted networks. If the request has a XFF header, its value is copied to X-Original-Forwarded-For.
  • update: Only on v0.9 and above. haproxy should preserve any X-Forwarded-For header, if provided, updating with the source IP address, which should be a fronting TCP or HTTP proxy/load balancer.
  • ignore: do nothing - only send the X-Forwarded-For header if the client provided one, without updating its content.
  • ifmissing: add X-Forwarded-For header only if the incoming request doesn’t provide one.

See also:

Fronting proxy port

Configuration key Scope Default Since
fronting-proxy-port Global v0.8
https-to-http-port Global
use-forwarded-proto Global true v0.10

A port number to listen to http requests from a fronting proxy that does the ssl offload, eg haproxy ingress behind a cloud load balancers that manages the TLS certificates. https-to-http-port is an alias to fronting-proxy-port.

fronting-proxy-port and http-port can share the same port number, see below what changes in the behaviour.

use-forwarded-proto defines if haproxy should use X-Forwarded-Proto header to decide how to handle requests made to fronting-proxy-port port number.

If use-forwarded-proto is false, the request takes the https route and is handled as if X-Forwarded-Proto header is https, see below. The actual header content is ignored by haproxy and forwarded to the backend if provided.

If use-forwarded-proto is true, the default value, requests made to fronting-proxy-port port number evaluate the X-Forwarded-Proto header to decide how to handle the request:

  • If X-Forwarded-Proto header is https:
    • HAProxy will handle the request just like the ssl-offload was made by HAProxy itself - HSTS header is provided if configured and X-SSL-* headers won’t be changed or removed if provided.
  • If X-Forwarded-Proto header is http or any other value except https:
    • HAProxy will redirect scheme to https
  • If X-Forwarded-Proto header is missing:
    • If fronting-proxy-port has its own port — HAProxy will redirect scheme to https
    • If fronting-proxy-port shares the HTTP port — the request will be handled as plain http, being redirected to https only if ssl-redirect is true, just like if fronting-proxy-port wasn’t configured.

See also:

Health check

Configuration key Scope Default Since
health-check-addr Backend v0.8
health-check-fall-count Backend v0.8
health-check-interval Backend v0.8
health-check-port Backend v0.8
health-check-rise-count Backend v0.8
health-check-uri Backend v0.8

Controls server health checks on a per-backend basis.

  • health-check-uri: If specified, this changes the default TCP health into an HTTP health check.
  • health-check-addr: Defines the address for health checks. If omitted, the server addr will be used.
  • health-check-port: Defines the port for health checks. If omitted, the server port will be used.
  • health-check-interval: Defines the interval between health checks. The default value 2s is used if omitted.
  • health-check-rise-count: The number of successful health checks that must occur before a server is marked operational. If omitted, the default value is 2.
  • health-check-fall-count: The number of failed health checks that must occur before a server is marked as dead. If omitted, the default value is 3.
  • backend-check-interval: Deprecated, use health-check-interval instead.

See also:


Configuration key Scope Default Since
hsts Path true
hsts-include-subdomains Path false
hsts-max-age Path 15768000
hsts-preload Path false

Configure HSTS - HTTP Strict Transport Security. The following keys are supported:

  • hsts: true if HSTS response header should be added
  • hsts-include-subdomains: true if it should apply to subdomains as well
  • hsts-max-age: time in seconds the browser should remember this configuration
  • hsts-preload: true if the browser should include the domain to HSTS preload list

See also:

Initial weight

Configuration key Scope Default Since
initial-weight Backend 1 v0.8

Configures the weight value of each backend server - either the enabled and also the disabled servers. The default value is 1. Changing this value has no effect on the proportional value between each server of a single backend, thus this doesn’t change the balance between the servers.

Change the default value to a higher number, eg 100, if using with agent-check and the agent is used to change the weight of the server.

Blue/green on deploy mode also uses initial-weight as its minimum weight value, provided that the maximum is lesser than or equal 256.

See also:


Configuration key Scope Default Since
limit-connections Backend
limit-rps Backend
limit-whitelist Backend

Configure rate limit and concurrent connections per client IP address in order to mitigate DDoS attack. If several users are hidden behind the same IP (NAT or proxy), this configuration may have a negative impact for them. Whitelist can be used to these IPs.

The following annotations are supported:

  • limit-connections: Maximum number os concurrent connections per client IP
  • limit-rps: Maximum number of connections per second of the same IP
  • limit-whitelist: Comma separated list of CIDRs that should be removed from the rate limit and concurrent connections check

Load server state

Configuration key Scope Default Since
load-server-state Global false

Define if HAProxy should save and reload it’s current state between server reloads, like uptime of backends, qty of requests and so on.

This is an experimental feature and has currently some issues if using with dynamic-scaling: an old state with disabled servers will disable them in the new configuration.

See also:

Log format

Configuration key Scope Default Since
http-log-format Global
https-log-format Global
tcp-log-format Global

Customize the tcp, http or https log format using log format variables. Only used if syslog-endpoint is also configured.

  • http-log-format: log format of all HTTP proxies, defaults to HAProxy default HTTP log format.
  • https-log-format: log format of TCP proxy used to inspect SNI extention. Use default to configure default TCP log format, defaults to not log.
  • tcp-log-format: log format of TCP proxies, defaults to HAProxy default TCP log format. See also TCP services configmap command-line option.

See also:


Configuration key Scope Default Since
modsecurity-endpoints Global
modsecurity-timeout-connect Global 5s v0.10
modsecurity-timeout-hello Global 100ms
modsecurity-timeout-idle Global 30s
modsecurity-timeout-processing Global 1s
modsecurity-timeout-server Global 5s v0.10

Configure modsecurity agent. These options only have effect if modsecurity-endpoints is configured.

Configure modsecurity-endpoints with a comma-separated list of IP:port of HAProxy agents (SPOA) for ModSecurity. The default configuration expects the contrib/modsecurity implementation from HAProxy source code.

Up to v0.7 all http requests will be parsed by the ModSecurity agent, even if the ingress resource wasn’t configured to deny requests based on ModSecurity response. Since v0.8 the spoe filter is configured on a per-backend basis.

The following keys are supported:

  • modsecurity-endpoints: Comma separated list of ModSecurity agent endpoints.
  • modsecurity-timeout-connect: Defines the maximum time to wait for the connection to the agent be established. Configures the haproxy’s timeout connect. Defaults to 5s if not configured.
  • modsecurity-timeout-hello: Defines the maximum time to wait for the AGENT-HELLO frame from the agent. Default value is 100ms.
  • modsecurity-timeout-idle: Defines the maximum time to wait before close an idle connection. Default value is 30s.
  • modsecurity-timeout-processing: Defines the maximum time to wait for the whole ModSecurity processing. Default value is 1s.
  • modsecurity-timeout-server: Defines the maximum time to wait for an agent response. Configures the haproxy’s timeout server. Defaults to 5s if not configured.

See also:


Configuration key Scope Default Since
nbproc-ssl Global 0

Define the number of dedicated HAProxy process to the SSL/TLS handshake and offloading. The default value is 0 (zero) which means HAProxy should process all the SSL/TLS offloading, as well as the header inspection and load balancing within the same HAProxy process.

The recommended value depends on how much CPU a single HAProxy process is spending. Use 0 (zero) if the amount of processing has low CPU usage. This will avoid a more complex topology and an inter-process communication. Use the number of cores of a dedicated host minus 1 (one) to distribute the SSL/TLS offloading process. Leave one core dedicated to header inspection and load balancing.

If splitting HAProxy into two or more process and the number of threads is one, cpu-map is used to bind each process on its own CPU core.

See also:


Configuration key Scope Default Since
nbthread Global 2

Define the number of threads a single HAProxy process should use to all its processing. If using with nbproc, every single HAProxy process will share this same configuration.

If using two or more threads on a single HAProxy process, cpu-map is used to bind each thread on its own CPU core.

See also:


Configuration key Scope Default Since
oauth Backend
oauth-headers Backend
oauth-uri-prefix Backend

Configure OAuth2 via Bitly’s oauth2_proxy.

  • oauth: Defines the oauth implementation. The only supported option is oauth2_proxy.
  • oauth-uri-prefix: Defines the URI prefix of the oauth service. The default value is /oauth2. There should be a backend with this path in the ingress resource.
  • oauth-headers: Defines an optional comma-separated list of <header>:<haproxy-var> used to configure request headers to the upstream backends. The default value is X-Auth-Request-Email:auth_response_email which means configuring a header X-Auth-Request-Email with the value of the var auth_response_email. New variables can be added overwriting the default auth-request.lua script.

The oauth2_proxy implementation expects Bitly’s oauth2_proxy running as a backend of the same domain that should be protected. oauth2_proxy has support to GitHub, Google, Facebook, OIDC and many others.

Note to v0.7 or below: All paths of a domain will have the same oauth configurations, despite if the path is configured on an ingress resource without oauth annotations. In other words, if two ingress resources share the same domain but only one has oauth annotations - the one that has at least the oauth2_proxy service - all paths from that domain will be protected.

See also:

Proxy body size

Configuration key Scope Default Since
proxy-body-size Path

Define the maximum number of bytes HAProxy will allow on the body of requests. Default is to not check, which means requests of unlimited size. This limit can be changed per ingress resource.

Since 0.4 a suffix can be added to the size, so 10m means 10 * 1024 * 1024 bytes. Supported suffix are: k, m and g.

Since 0.7 unlimited can also be used to overwrite any global body size limit.

See also:

Proxy protocol

Configuration key Scope Default Since
proxy-protocol Backend no
use-proxy-protocol Global false

Configures PROXY protocol in frontends and backends.

  • proxy-protocol: Define if the upstream backends support proxy protocol and what version of the protocol should be used. Supported values are v1, v2, v2-ssl, v2-ssl-cn or no. The default behavior if not declared is that the protocol is not supported by the backends and should not be used.
  • use-proxy-protocol: Define if HAProxy is behind another proxy that use the PROXY protocol. If true, ports 80 and 443 will expect the PROXY protocol. The stats endpoint (defaults to port 1936) has it’s own stats-proxy-protocol configuration key.

See also:

Rewrite target

Configuration key Scope Default Since
rewrite-target Path

Configures how URI of the requests should be rewritten before send the request to the backend. The following table shows some examples:

Ingress path Request path Rewrite target Output
/abc /abc / /
/abc /abc/ / /
/abc /abc/x / /x
/abc /abc /y /y
/abc /abc/ /y /y/
/abc /abc/x /y /y/x
/abc/ /abc / 404
/abc/ /abc/ / /
/abc/ /abc/x / /x

Secure backend

Configuration key Scope Default Since
secure-backends Backend
secure-crt-secret Backend
secure-verify-ca-secret Backend

Configure secure (TLS) connection to the backends.

  • secure-backends: Define as true if the backend provide a TLS connection.
  • secure-crt-secret: Optional secret name of client certificate and key. This cert/key pair must be provided if the backend requests a client certificate. Expected secret keys are tls.crt and tls.key, the same used if secret is built with kubectl create secret tls <name>.
  • secure-verify-ca-secret: Optional secret name with certificate authority bundle used to validate server certificate, preventing man-in-the-middle attacks. Expected secret key is ca.crt. Since v0.9, an optional ca.crl key can also provide a CRL in PEM format for the server to verify against.

See also:


Configuration key Scope Default Since
use-chroot Global false v0.9
use-haproxy-user Global false v0.9

Change security options.

  • use-chroot: If true, configures haproxy to perform a chroot() in the empty and non-writable directory /var/empty during the startup process, just before it drops its own privileges. Only root can perform a chroot(), so HAProxy Ingress container should start as UID 0 if this option is configured as true. See the note below about use-chroot option limitations.
  • use-haproxy-user: Defines if the haproxy’s process should be changed to haproxy, UID 1001. The default value false leaves haproxy running as root. Note that even running as root, haproxy always drops its own privileges before start its event loop.

In the default configuration, HAProxy Ingress container starts as root. Since v0.9 it’s also possible to configure the container to start as haproxy user, UID 1001. Read the Security considerations from HAProxy doc before change the starting user. The starting user can be changed in the deployment or daemonset’s pod template using the following configuration:

        runAsUser: 1001

Note that ports below 1024 cannot be bound if the container starts as non-root.

See also:

Server alias

Configuration key Scope Default Since
server-alias Host
server-alias-regex Host

Configure hostname alias. All annotations will be combined together with the host attribute in the same ACL, and any of them might be used to match SNI extensions (TLS) or Host HTTP header. The matching is case insensitive.

  • server-alias: Defines an alias with hostname-like syntax. On v0.6 and older, wildcard * wasn’t converted to match a subdomain. Regular expression was also accepted but dots were escaped, making this alias less useful as a regex. Starting v0.7 the same hostname syntax is used, so *.my.domain will match but won’t match
  • server-alias-regex: Only in v0.7 and newer. Match hostname using a POSIX extended regular expression. The regex will be used verbatim, so add ^ and $ if strict hostname is desired and escape \. dots in order to strictly match them. Some HTTP clients add the port number in the Host header, so remember to add (:[0-9]+)?$ in the end of the regex if a dollar sign $ is being used to match the end of the string.

Service upstream

Configuration key Scope Default Since
service-upstream Backend false

Defines if the HAProxy backend/server endpoints should be configured with the service VIP/IPVS. If false, the default value, the endpoints will be used and HAProxy will load balance the requests between them. If defined as true the service’s ClusterIP is used instead.

SSL ciphers

Configuration key Scope Default Since
ssl-cipher-suites Global v0.9
ssl-cipher-suites-backend Backend v0.9
ssl-ciphers Global
ssl-ciphers-backend Backend v0.9

Set the list of cipher algorithms used during the SSL/TLS handshake.

  • ssl-cipher-suites: Cipher suites on TLS v1.3 handshake of incoming requests. HAProxy being the TLS server.
  • ssl-cipher-suites-backend: Cipher suites on TLS v1.3 handshake to backend/servers. HAProxy being the TLS client.
  • ssl-ciphers: Cipher suites on TLS up to v1.2 handshake of incoming requests. HAProxy being the TLS server.
  • ssl-ciphers-backend: Cipher suites on TLS up to v1.2 handshake to backend/servers. HAProxy being the TLS client.

Default values on HAProxy Ingress up to v0.8:


Default values on HAProxy Ingress v0.9 and newer:

  • TLS v1.3: TLS_AES_128_GCM_SHA256:TLS_AES_256_GCM_SHA384:TLS_CHACHA20_POLY1305_SHA256

See also:


Configuration key Scope Default Since
ssl-dh-default-max-size Global 1024
ssl-dh-param Global

Configures Diffie-Hellman key exchange parameters.

  • ssl-dh-param: Configure the secret name which defines the DH parameters file used on ephemeral Diffie-Hellman key exchange during the SSL/TLS handshake.
  • ssl-dh-default-max-size: Define the maximum size of a temporary DH parameters used for key exchange. Only used if ssl-dh-param isn’t provided.

See also:

SSL engine

Configuration key Scope Default Since
ssl-engine Global v0.8
ssl-mode-async Global false v0.8

Set the name of the OpenSSL engine to use. The string shall include the engine name and its parameters.

Additionally, ssl-mode-async can be set to enable asynchronous TLS I/O operations if the ssl-engine used supports it.


SSL options

Configuration key Scope Default Since
ssl-options Global
ssl-options-backend Backend v0.9

Define a space-separated list of options on SSL/TLS connections.

  • ssl-options: Options for frontend connections - HAProxy being the server
  • ssl-options-backend: Default options for backend server connections - HAProxy being the client

Default values:

  • v0.9 and newer: no-sslv3 no-tlsv10 no-tlsv11 no-tls-tickets
  • up to v0.8: no-sslv3 no-tls-tickets

Supported options:

  • force-sslv3: Enforces use of SSLv3 only
  • force-tlsv10: Enforces use of TLSv1.0 only
  • force-tlsv11: Enforces use of TLSv1.1 only
  • force-tlsv12: Enforces use of TLSv1.2 only
  • no-sslv3: Disables support for SSLv3
  • no-tls-tickets: Enforces the use of stateful session resumption
  • no-tlsv10: Disables support for TLSv1.0
  • no-tlsv11: Disables support for TLSv1.1
  • no-tlsv12: Disables support for TLSv1.2

New supported options since v0.9:

  • force-tlsv13: Enforces use of TLSv1.3 only
  • no-tlsv13: Disables support for TLSv1.3
  • ssl-max-ver <SSLv3|TLSv1.0|TLSv1.1|TLSv1.2|TLSv1.3>: Enforces the use of a SSL/TLS version or lower
  • ssl-min-ver <SSLv3|TLSv1.0|TLSv1.1|TLSv1.2|TLSv1.3>: Enforces the use of a SSL/TLS version or upper

SSL passthrough

Configuration key Scope Default Since
ssl-passthrough Host
ssl-passthrough-http-port Host

Defines if HAProxy should work in TCP proxy mode and leave the SSL offload to the backend. SSL passthrough is a per domain configuration, which means that other domains can be configured to SSL offload on HAProxy.

If using SSL passthrough, only root / path is supported.

  • ssl-passthrough: Enable SSL passthrough if defined as true. The backend is then expected to SSL offload the incoming traffic. The default value is false, which means HAProxy should do the SSL handshake.
  • ssl-passthrough-http-port: Since v0.7. Optional HTTP port number of the backend. If defined, connections to the HAProxy HTTP port, default 80, is sent to that port which expects to speak plain HTTP. If not defined, connections to the HTTP port will redirect connections to the HTTPS one.

SSL redirect

Configuration key Scope Default Since
no-tls-redirect-locations Global /.well-known/acme-challenge
ssl-redirect Path true
ssl-redirect-code Global 302 v0.10

Configures if an encripted connection should be used.

  • ssl-redirect: Defines if HAProxy should send a 302 redirect response to requests made on unencripted connections. Note that this configuration will only make effect if TLS is configured.
  • ssl-redirect-code: Defines the HTTP status code used in the redirect. The default value is 302 if not declared. Supported values are 301, 302, 303, 307 and 308.
  • no-tls-redirect-locations: Defines a comma-separated list of URLs that should be removed from the TLS redirect. Requests to :80 http port and starting with one of the URLs from the list will not be redirected to https despite of the TLS redirect configuration. This option defaults to /.well-known/acme-challenge, used by ACME protocol.

See also:


Configuration key Scope Default Since
stats-auth Global
stats-port Global 1936
stats-proxy-protocol Global false
stats-ssl-cert Global

Configurations of the HAProxy statistics page:

  • stats-auth: Enable basic authentication with clear-text password - <user>:<passwd>
  • stats-port: Change the port HAProxy should listen to requests
  • stats-proxy-protocol: Define if the stats endpoint should enforce the PROXY protocol
  • stats-ssl-cert: Optional namespace/secret-name of tls.crt and tls.key pair used to enable SSL on stats page. Plain http will be used if not provided, the secret wasn’t found or the secret doesn’t have a crt/key pair.

Strict host

Configuration key Scope Default Since
strict-host Global false

Defines whether the path of another matching host/FQDN should be used to try to serve a request. The default value is false, which means all matching wildcard hosts will be visited in order to try to match the path. If true, a strict configuration is applied and the default-backend should be used if a path couldn’t be matched.

Using the following configuration:

    - host:
        - path: /a
            serviceName: svc1
            servicePort: 8080
    - host: *
        - path: /
            serviceName: svc2
            servicePort: 8080

A request to would serve:

  • svc2 if strict-host is false, the default value
  • default-backend if strict-host is true


Configuration key Scope Default Since
syslog-endpoint Global
syslog-format Global rfc5424 v0.8
syslog-length Global 1024 v0.9
syslog-tag Global ingress v0.8

Logging configurations.

  • syslog-endpoint: Configures the UDP syslog endpoint where HAProxy should send access logs.
  • syslog-format: Configures the log format to be either rfc5424 (default), rfc3164 or raw.
  • syslog-length: The maximum line length, log lines larger than this value will be truncated. Defaults to 1024.
  • syslog-tag: Configure the tag field in the syslog header to the supplied string.

See also:


Configuration key Scope Default Since
timeout-client Host 50s
timeout-client-fin Host 50s
timeout-connect Backend 5s
timeout-http-request Backend 5s
timeout-keep-alive Backend 1m
timeout-queue Backend 5s
timeout-server Backend 50s
timeout-server-fin Backend 50s
timeout-stop Global 10m
timeout-tunnel Backend 1h

Define timeout configurations. The unit defaults to milliseconds if missing, change the unit with s, m, h, … suffix.

The following keys are supported:

  • timeout-client: Maximum inactivity time on the client side
  • timeout-client-fin: Maximum inactivity time on the client side for half-closed connections - FIN_WAIT state
  • timeout-connect: Maximum time to wait for a connection to a backend
  • timeout-http-request: Maximum time to wait for a complete HTTP request
  • timeout-keep-alive: Maximum time to wait for a new HTTP request on keep-alive connections
  • timeout-queue: Maximum time a connection should wait on a server queue before return a 503 error to the client
  • timeout-server: Maximum inactivity time on the backend side
  • timeout-server-fin: Maximum inactivity time on the backend side for half-closed connections - FIN_WAIT state
  • timeout-stop: Maximum time to wait for long lived connections to finish, eg websocket, before hard-stop a HAProxy process due to a reload
  • timeout-tunnel: Maximum inactivity time on the client and backend side for tunnels

See also:


Configuration key Scope Default Since
tls-alpn Global h2,http/1.1 v0.8

Defines the TLS ALPN extension advertisement. The default value is h2,http/1.1 which enables HTTP/2 on the client side.

See also:


Configuration key Scope Default Since
use-htx Global true v0.9

Defines if the new HTX internal representation for HTTP elements should be used. The default value is true since v0.10, it was false on v0.9. HTX should be used to enable HTTP/2 protocol to backends.

See also:

Var namespace

Configuration key Scope Default Since
var-namespace Host false v0.8

If var-namespace is configured as true, a HAProxy var txn.namespace is created with the kubernetes namespace owner of the service which is the target of the request. This variable is useful on http logs. The default value is false. Usage: k8s-namespace: %[var(txn.namespace)].

See also:


Configuration key Scope Default Since
waf Path
waf-mode Path deny v0.9

Defines which web application firewall (WAF) implementation should be used to validate requests. Currently the only supported value is modsecurity.

This configuration has no effect if the ModSecurity endpoints are not configured.

The waf-mode key defines wether the WAF should be deny or detect for that Backend. If the WAF is in detect mode the requests are passed to ModSecurity and logged, but not denied.

The default behavior here is deny if waf is set to modsecurity.

See also: