Command-line options

Static command-line configuration options.

The following command-line options are supported:

Name Type Default Since
--acme-check-period time 24h v0.9
--acme-election-id [namespace]/configmap-name acme-leader v0.9
--acme-fail-initial-duration time 5m v0.9
--acme-fail-max-duration time 8h v0.9
--acme-secret-key-name [namespace]/secret-name acme-private-key v0.9
--acme-server [true|false] false v0.9
--acme-token-configmap-name [namespace]/configmap-name acme-validation-tokens v0.9
--acme-track-tls-annotation [true|false] false v0.9
--allow-cross-namespace [true|false] false
--annotation-prefix prefix without / v0.8
--buckets-response-time float64 slice .0005,.001,.002,.005,.01 v0.10
--default-backend-service namespace/servicename haproxy’s 404 page
--default-ssl-certificate namespace/secretname fake, auto generated
--disable-config-keywords comma-separated list of keywords "" v0.10
--disable-external-name [true|false] false v0.10
--healthz-port port number 10254
--ignore-ingress-without-class [true|false] false v0.10
--ingress-class name haproxy
--kubeconfig /path/to/kubeconfig in cluster config
--max-old-config-files num of files 0
--profiling [true|false] true
--publish-service namespace/servicename
--rate-limit-update uploads per second (float) 0.5
--reload-strategy [native|reusesocket] reusesocket
--sort-backends [true|false] false
--stats-collect-processing-period time 500ms v0.10
--tcp-services-configmap namespace/configmapname no tcp svc
--verify-hostname [true|false] true
--wait-before-shutdown seconds as integer 0 v0.8
--watch-namespace namespace all namespaces


Configures the acme server and other static options used to authorize and sign certificates against a server which implements the acme protocol, version 2.

Supported acme command-line options:

  • --acme-check-period: interval between checks for expiring certificates. Defaults to 24h.
  • --acme-election-id: prefix of the ConfigMap name used to store the leader election data. Only the leader of a haproxy-ingress cluster should start the authorization and sign certificate process. Defaults to acme-leader.
  • --acme-fail-initial-duration: the starting time to wait and retry after a failed authorization and sign process. Defaults to 5m.
  • --acme-fail-max-duration: the time between retries of failed authorization will exponentially grow up to the max duration time. Defaults to 8h.
  • --acme-secret-key-name: secret name used to store the client private key. Defaults to acme-private-key. A new key, hence a new client, is created if the secret does not exist.
  • --acme-server: mandatory, starts a local server used to answer challenges from the acme environment. This option should be provided on all haproxy-ingress instances to the certificate signing work properly.
  • --acme-token-configmap-name: the ConfigMap name used to store temporary tokens generated during the challenge. Defaults to acme-validation-tokens. Such tokens need to be stored in k8s because any haproxy-ingress instance might receive the request from the acme environment.
  • --acme-track-tls-annotation: defines if ingress objects with annotation "true" should also be tracked. Defaults to false.

See also:


--allow-cross-namespace argument, if added, will allow reading secrets from one namespace to an ingress resource of another namespace. The default behavior is to deny such cross namespace reading. This adds a breaking change from v0.4 to v0.5 on annotation, where cross namespace reading were allowed without any configuration.


Changes the annotation prefix the controller should look for when parsing services and ingress objects. The default value is if not declared, which means SSL Redirect should be configured with the annotation name Annotations with other prefix are ignored. This allows using HAProxy Ingress with other ingress controllers that shares ingress and service objects without conflicting each other.


Configures the buckets of the histogram haproxyingress_haproxy_response_time_seconds, used to compute the response time of the haproxy’s admin socket. The response time unit is in seconds.


Defines the namespace/servicename that should be used if the incoming request doesn’t match any hostname, or the requested path doesn’t match any location within the desired hostname. An internal 404 error page is used if not declared.


Defines the namespace/secretname of the default certificate that should be used if ingress resources using TLS configuration doesn’t provide it’s own certificate. A self-signed fake certificate is used if not declared.


Since v0.10.9

Defines a comma-separated list of HAProxy keywords that should not be used on annotation based configuration snippets. Configuration snippets added as a global config does not follow this option. Use an asterisk * to disable configuration snippets using annotations.

Every keyword in the configuration will be compared with the first token of every configuration line, ignoring tabs and spaces. If a match occur, all the configuration snippet will be ignored and a warning is logged.

The default value is an empty string, enabling the configuration and accepting any HAProxy keyword.


Since v0.10.9

Services of type ExternalName uses DNS lookup to define the target server IP list. Declare --disable-external-name to disable a DNS based target IP list, refusing services of type ExternalName.


Defines if the ingress without the ingress.class annotation will be considered or not. If --ignore-ingress-without-class=true then only the ingresses with the matching ingress.class annotation will be considered, ingresses with missing or different ingress.class annotation will not be considered. Default is false.


More than one ingress controller is supported per Kubernetes cluster. The --ingress-class argument allow to override the class name of ingress resources that this instance of the controller should listen to. Class names that match will be used in the HAProxy configuration. Other classes will be ignored.

The ingress resource must use the annotation to name it’s ingress class.


Ingress controller will try to connect to the Kubernetes master using environment variables and a service account. This behavior can be changed using --kubeconfig argument that reference a kubeconfig file with master endpoint and credentials. This is a mandatory argument if the controller is deployed outside of the Kubernetes cluster.


Everytime a configuration change need to update HAProxy, a configuration file is rewritten even if dynamic update is used. By default the same file is recreated and the old configuration is lost. Use --max-old-config-files to configure after how much files Ingress controller should start to remove old configuration files. If 0, the default value, a single haproxy.cfg is used.


Some infrastructure tools like external-DNS relay in the ingress status to created access routes to the services exposed with ingress object.

apiVersion: extensions/v1beta1
kind: Ingress
    - hostname: <ingressControllerLoadbalancerFQDN>

Use --publish-service=namespace/servicename to indicate the services fronting the ingress controller. The controller mirrors the address of this service’s endpoints to the load-balancer status of all Ingress objects it satisfies.


Use --rate-limit-update to change how much time to wait between HAProxy reloads. Note that the first update is always immediate, the delay will only prevent two or more updates in the same time frame. Moreover reloads will only occur if the cluster configuration has changed, otherwise no reload will occur despite of the rate limit configuration.

This argument receives the allowed reloads per second. The default value is 0.5 which means no more than one reload will occur within 2 seconds. The lower limit is 0.05 which means one reload within 20 seconds. The highest one is 10 which will allow ingress controller to reload HAProxy up to 10 times per second.


The --reload-strategy command-line argument is used to select which reload strategy HAProxy should use. The following options are available:

  • native: Uses native HAProxy reload option -sf.
  • reusesocket: (starting on v0.6) Uses HAProxy -x command-line option to pass the listening sockets between old and new HAProxy process, allowing hitless reloads. This is the default option since v0.8.
  • multibinder: (deprecated on v0.6) Uses GitHub’s multibinder. This link describes how it works.


Defines if backend’s endpoints should be sorted by name. Since v0.8 the endpoints will stay in the same order found in the Kubernetes’ endpoint objects if --sort-backends is missing.

In v0.7 and older version, if --sort-backends is missing, HAProxy Ingress randomly shuffle endpoints on each reload in order to avoid requesting always the same backends just after haproxy reloads.

Sorting backends by name has a real effect only if using a distinct backend-server-naming option, because the default value builds the server name using a numeric sequence.

See also:


Configures an endpoint with statistics, debugging and health checks. The following URIs are provided:

  • /healthz: a healthz URI for the haproxy-ingress
  • /metrics: Prometheus compatible metrics exporter
  • /acme/check (POST): starts check for missing, expiring or outdated certificates controlled by acme client. Should be issued in the leader.
  • /debug/pprof: profiling tools
  • /build: build information - controller name, version, git commit hash and repository
  • /stop: stops haproxy-ingress controller


  • --healthz-port: Defines the port number haproxy-ingress should listen to. Defaults to 10254.
  • --profiling: Configures if the profiling URI should be enabled. Defaults to true.
  • --stats-collect-processing-period: Defines the interval between two consecutive readings of haproxy’s Idle_pct, used to generate haproxy_processing_seconds_total metric. haproxy updates Idle_pct every 500ms, which makes that the best configuration value, and it’s also the default if not configured. Values higher than 500ms will produce a less accurate collect. Change to 0 (zero) to disable this metric.


Configure --tcp-services-configmap argument with namespace/configmapname resource with TCP services and ports that HAProxy should listen to. Use the HAProxy’s port number as the key of the ConfigMap.

The value of the ConfigMap entry is a colon separated list of the following arguments:

  1. <namespace>/<service-name>, mandatory, is the well known notation of the service that will receive incoming connections.
  2. <portnumber>, mandatory, is the port number the upstream service is listening - this is not related to the listening port of HAProxy.
  3. <in-proxy>, optional, should be defined as PROXY if HAProxy should expect requests using the PROXY protocol. Leave empty to not use PROXY protocol. This is usually used only if there is another load balancer in front of HAProxy which supports the PROXY protocol. PROXY protocol v1 and v2 are supported.
  4. <out-proxy>, optional, should be defined as PROXY or PROXY-V2 if the upstream service expect connections using the PROXY protocol v2. Use PROXY-V1 instead if the upstream service only support v1 protocol. Leave empty to connect without using the PROXY protocol.
  5. <namespace/secret-name>, optional, used to configure SSL/TLS over the TCP connection. Secret should have tls.crt and tls.key pair used on TLS handshake. Leave empty to not use ssl-offload.
  6. <check-interval>, added in v0.10, optional and defaults to 2s, configures a TCP check interval. Declare - (one single dash) as the time to disable it. Valid time is a number and a mandatory suffix: us, ms, s, m, h or d.
  7. <namespace/secret-name>, added in v0.10, optional, used to configure SSL/TLS client verification over the TCP connection. Secret should have ca.crt and optional ca.crl. Leave empty to not use ssl client verification.

Optional fields can be skipped using consecutive colons.

In the example below:

  "3306": "default/mysql:3306::::-"
  "5432": "default/pgsql:5432::::1s"
  "8000": "system-prod/http:8000::PROXY-V1"
  "9900": "system-prod/admin:9900:PROXY::system-prod/tcp-9900"
  "9990": "system-prod/admin:9999::PROXY-V2"
  "9995": "system-prod/admin:9900:::system-prod/tcp-9995::system-prod/tcp-9995-ca"
  "9999": "system-prod/admin:9999:PROXY:PROXY"

HAProxy will listen 7 new ports:

  • 3306 will proxy to a mysql service on default namespace. Check interval is disabled.
  • 5432 will proxy to a pgsql service on default namespace. Check interval is defined to run on every second.
  • 8000 will proxy to http service, port 8000, on the system-prod namespace. The upstream service will expect connections using the PROXY protocol but it only supports v1.
  • 9900 will proxy to admin service, port 9900, on the system-prod namespace. Clients should connect using the PROXY protocol v1 or v2. Upcoming connections should be encrypted, HAProxy will ssl-offload data using crt/key provided by system-prod/tcp-9900 secret.
  • 9990 and 9999 will proxy to the same admin service and 9999 port and the upstream service will expect connections using the PROXY protocol v2. The HAProxy frontend, however, will only expect PROXY protocol v1 or v2 on it’s port 9999.
  • 9995 will proxy to admin service, port 9900, on the system-prod namespace. Upcoming connections should be encrypted, HAProxy will ssl-offload data using crt/key provided by system-prod/tcp-9995 secret. Furthermore, clients must present a certificate that will be valid under the certificate authority (and optional certificate revocation list) provded in the system-prod/tcp-9995-ca secret.

Note: Check interval was added in v0.10 and defaults to 2s. All declared services has check interval enabled, except 3306 which disabled it.


Ingress resources has spec/tls[]/secretName attribute to override the default X509 certificate. As a default behavior the certificates are validated against the hostname in order to match the SAN extension or CN (CN only up to v0.4). Invalid certificates, ie certificates which doesn’t match the hostname are discarded and a warning is logged into the ingress controller logging.

Use --verify-hostname=false argument to bypass this validation. If used, HAProxy will provide the certificate declared in the secretName ignoring if the certificate is or is not valid.


If argument --wait-before-shutdown is defined, controller will wait defined time in seconds before it starts shutting down components when SIGTERM was received. By default, it’s 0, which means the controller starts shutting down itself right after signal was sent.


By default the proxy will be configured using all namespaces from the Kubernetes cluster. Use --watch-namespace with the name of a namespace to watch and build the configuration of a single namespace.